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مقــــــــالات علمـــــــی مدیـــــــریت آمــــوزشــــــــی - استعاره های سازمانی
 

استعاره های سازمانی

نوشته شده توسط :محـــسن مهــرگانی
جمعه 28 آبان 1389-02:13 ق.ظ

استعاره (Metaphor) چیست؟ تشبیه کردن، به عاریت سخن گفتن، سخن پوشیده و غیر صریح.

تعریف استعاره سازمانی؟ کشف و یافتن وجه تشابهی بین یک یا چند پدیده طبیعی با موضوعات مسئله ساز در سازمان.

 دانشمندان تئوریهای سازمان را در هشت دسته طبقه بندی کرده و آنها را استعاره می نامند:

·         سازمان به عنوان  ماشین (ازپیش طراحی شده).

·         سازمان، همانند موجود زنده (توجه به نیازها).

·         سازمان، مانند مغز (در این استعاره به جنبه یادگیری سازمان توجه شده است).

·         سازمان، یک عامل فرهنگی ( داشتن ارزشها و الگوهای مشترک).

·         سازمان، یک عامل سیاسی (دلبستگی ها و کشمکشها و . . .).

·         سازمان، به عنوان روح زنده ( در این استعاره سازمان نهادی تصور می شود که افراد به وسیله ی باورهای خودشان و یا ضمیر ناخودآگاهشان در آن گرفتار شده اند).

·         سازمان ابزار تسلط (در این استعاره سازمان را به عنوان ابزاری جهت بخدمت گرفتن کارکنان برای جامعه و اقتصاد جهانی می داند).





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